IN CHAINS OF THE TORT:
CONDITIONS OF UPHOLDING THE ACTIO NEGATORIA
UNDER RUSSIAN LAW

M.A. EROKHOVA,
PhD in Law, Master of Private Law (Russian School of Private Law),
LL.M. (The University of Manchester), Associate Professor at the Moscow Higher School
of Social and Economic Sciences and the National Research University
Higher School of Economics

DOI: 10.24031/1992-2043-2019-19-6-155-172

In this article, the author on the basis of Russian judicial practice formulates and analyzes
the conditions for upholding actio negatoria. According to the author, these conditions
boil down to the following: violation of the right of the owner; the causal connection
between the violation and the actions of the defendant, as well as the unlawfulness of the
actions of the defendant. These conditions coincide with the conditions for satisfaction
of the tort claim. The similarity of an actio negatoria with a tort one is caused by the
fact that the law does not formulate conditions for upholding of an actio negatoria, but
only declares the owner’s right to demand the elimination of a violation of his right not
related to the loss of possession. When considering a dispute over an actio negatoria and
in the absence of a detailed regulation of its conditions, the court, by analogy, applies the
rules on tort. The author believes that this situation is acceptable, since an actio negatoria
is a form of tort in the field of property.


Keywords: actio negatoria; injunction; tort in the field of property; violation of property
rights; defendant in actio negatoria; negative claim on registry adjustment; unlawfulness
of action.

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Information about the author

Erokhova M.A. (Moscow, Russia) – PhD in Law, Master of Private Law (Russian
School of Private Law), LL.M. (The University of Manchester), Associate Professor
at the Moscow Higher School of Social and Economic Sciences and the National
Research University Higher School of Economics (3 Gazetny pereulok, Moscow,
125993, Russia; e-mail: mero@bk.ru).

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