top of page


PhD in Law, Assistant of the Department of Civil Law of the Faculty of Law
of the Lomonosov Moscow State University

DOI: 10.24031/1992-2043-2019-19-5-161-185

The article analyzes the genesis of the mechanism of patent rights defensing in the postperestroika
period. The author compares the relevant provisions of the 1992 Patent Law,
the first and current version of Part Four of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation.
She proves that the key destination of transformation of the defense mechanism in the
framework of the civilian reform, on the one hand, is the clarification of the boundaries
of exclusive rights to patent protected objects, on the other, – development of the
effective system of measures to protect violated rights. Moreover, the second goal has
not yet been fully resolved. The author has identified a number of problematic issues,
gaps related to imposing liability measures on the violator, and the use of other remedies.
A number of proposals have been formulated for the further development of legislation
and judicial practice.

Keywords: patent rights; infringement; patent rights defenses; compensation; damages;
permanent injunction; Civil Code.


Бирюлин В.И., Богданов Н.В. Закон наносит удар по перечню существенных
признаков [Biryulin V.I., Bogdanov N.V. The Law Strikes at the List of Essential Features]
(in Russian) // Newsletter “Gorodissky and Partners Patent Attorneys and
Lawyers”. 2015. No. 3(105).
Бородин Д.Б. Проблемы защиты патентных прав фармпроизводителей в ходе
государственных закупок лекарственных средств [Borodin D.B. Problems of Protecting
the Patent Rights of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers During Public Procurement
of Medicines] (in Russian) // Journal of the Court of Intellectual Property
Rights. 2016. No. 14.
Ворожевич А.С. Патентный троллинг: сущность, история, правовые механиз-
мы борьбы [Vorozhevich A.S. Patent Trolling: Essence, History, Legal Mechanisms
of Struggle] (in Russian) // Law. 2013. No. 9.
Ворожевич А.С. Пределы защиты исключительного права патентообладате-
ля [Vorozhevich A.S. The Limits of Protection of the Exclusive Right of the Patent
Holder] (in Russian) // Patents and Licenses. 2019. No. 8.
Гаврилов Э.П. Публикация решения суда о нарушении интеллектуальных прав
[Gavrilov E.P. Publication of a Court Decision on Violation of Intellectual Rights]
(in Russian) // Patents and Licenses. 2011. No. 1.
Еременко В.И. Об ответственности за нарушение патента в Российской Феде-
рации [Eremenko V.I. On Liability for Patent Infringement in the Russian Federation]
(in Russian) // Lawyer. 2012. No. 4.
Blair R.D., Cotter T.F. Strict Liability and its Alternatives in Patent Law // Berkeley
Technology Law Journal. 2002. Vol. 17. Iss. 2.
Calabresi G., Melamed D.A. Property Rules, Liability Rules, and Inalienability: One
View of the Cathedral // Harvard Law Review. 1972. Vol. 85. No. 6.
Frye A. “Inextricably Commingled”: A Restitution Perspective in Patent Remedies
// Harvard Journal of Law & Technology. 2013. Vol. 26. Iss. 2.
Landes W.M., Posner R.A. The Economic Structure of Intellectual Property Law.
Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2003.
Lee W.F., Melamed D.A. Breaking the Vicious Cycle of Patent Damages // Cornell
Law Review. 2016. Vol. 101. Iss. 2.

Information about the author

Vorozhevich A.S. (Moscow, Russia) – PhD in Law, Assistant of the Department
of Civil Law of the Faculty of Law of the Lomonosov Moscow State University
(1 Leninskie Gory, Bldg. 13 (4th education building), GSP-1, Moscow, 119991, Russia;

bottom of page