PRINCIPLE OF INDEPENDENT RESPONSIBILITY
OF A L EGAL ENTITY: RULE AND EXCLUSIONS

D.V. LOMAKIN,
Doctor of Law, Professor, Department of Civil Law,
Faculty of Law, Lomonosov Moscow State University

DOI: 10.24031/1992-2043-2020-20-1-93-110

This article analyzes the principle of independent responsibility of a legal entity for its
obligations. The author shows the evolution of this principle in the legislation and law
enforcement practice of Russia and foreign countries. Particular attention is paid to
cases of liability to which this principle does not apply. The author does not ignore the
categories of legal and actual control over a legal entity. The article highlights the issues
of liability of the main business company for the debts of the subsidiary, as well as the
problems of subsidiary liability of persons that control the legal entity.


Keywords: independent liability of a legal entity; legal control; actual control; corporate
law; joint-stock company; lifting the corporate veil; liability of the main business company
for the debts of a subsidiary; subsidiary liability of controlling persons in bankruptcy.

References

Аскназий С.И. Об основаниях правовых отношений между государственными
социалистическими организациями [Asknazii S.I. On the Foundations of Legal Relations
Between State Socialist Organizations] (in Russian) / Аскназий С.И. Основные
вопросы теории социалистического гражданского права [Asknazii S.I. The Main
Issues of the Theory of Socialist Civil Law]. Moscow: Statut, 2008.
Венедиктов А.В. Государственная социалистическая собственность [Venediktov
A.V. State Socialist Property] (in Russian) / Венедиктов А.В. Избранные труды
по гражданскому праву: в 2 т. Т. 2 [Venediktov A.V. Selected Works on Civil Law.
In 2 vols. Vol. 2]. Moscow: Statut, 2004.
Герваген Л.Л. Развитие учения о юридическом лице [Gervagen L.L. The Development
of the Doctrine of the Legal Entity] (in Russian). St. Petersburg: Printing
House of I.N. Skorokhodov, 1888.
Гражданское уложение. Книга пятая: Обязательства: Проект Высочайше
учрежденной Редакционной Комиссии по составлению Гражданского уложе-
ния. Т. 3: Ст. 505–718 с объяснениями [Civil Code. Book Five: Obligations: Draft
of the Highest Established Drafting Commission on the Compilation of the Civil
Code. Vol. 3: Arts. 505–718 with Explanations] (in Russian). St. Petersburg: Printing
House of Governing Senate, 1899.
Иоффе О.С. Из истории цивилистической мысли [Ioffe O.S. From the History
of Civil Law Thought] (in Russian) / Иоффе О.С. Избранные труды по граждан-
скому праву [Ioffe O.S. Selected Works on Civil Law]. Moscow: Statut, 2000.
Кибенко Е.Р. Корпоративное право Великобритании. Законодательство. Пре-
цеденты. Комментарии [Kibenko E.R. UK Corporate Law. Legislation. Precedents.
Comments] (in Russian). Kiev: Justinian, 2003.
Козлова Н.В. Понятие и сущность юридического лица. Очерк истории и тео-
рии: учебное пособие [Kozlova N.V. The Concept and Essence of a L egal Entity. Essay
on History and Theory: Study Guide] (in Russian). Moscow: Statut, 2003.
Ломакин Д.В. Контроль как форма зависимости юридических лиц [Lomakin D.V.
Control as a Form of Dependence of Legal Entities] (in Russian) // Economy and Law.
2018. No. 2.
Ломакин Д.В. Концепция снятия корпоративного покрова: реализация ее
основных положений в действующем законодательстве и проекте изменений
Гражданского кодекса РФ [Lomakin D.V. The Concept of Piercing Corporate Veil:
The Implementation of its Main Provisions in the Current Legislation and the Draft
Amendments to the Civil Code of the Russian Federation] (in Russian) // Bulletin
of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation. 2012. No. 9.
Ломакин Д.В. Очерки теории акционерного права и практики применения
акционерного законодательства [Lomakin D.V. Essays on the Theory of Joint-Stock
Law and the Practice of Applying Joint-Stock Legislation] (in Russian). Moscow:
Statut, 2005.
Ломакин Д.В., Гентовт О.И. Ответственность контролирующих лиц: право-
вая природа и механизм привлечения к ней [Lomakin D.V., Gentovt O.I. Responsibility
of Controlling Persons: Legal Nature and the Mechanism of Attraction to It]
(in Russian) // Economy and Law. 2016. No. 1.
Суворов Н.С. Об юридических лицах по римскому праву [Suvorov N.S. On Legal
Entities Under Roman Law] (in Russian). Moscow: Statut, 2000.
Суханов Е.А. Сравнительное корпоративное право [Sukhanov E.A. Comparative
Corporate Law] (in Russian). Moscow: Statut, 2014.
Толстой Ю.К. Содержание и гражданско-правовая защита права собствен-
ности в СССР [Tolstoi Iu.K. The Content and Civil Protection of Property Rights
in the USSR] (in Russian). St. Petersburg: Publishing House of St. Petersburg University,
1955.
Федчук В.Д. De facto зависимость de jure независимых юридических лиц: про-
никновение за корпоративный занавес в праве ведущих зарубежных стран [Fedchuk
V.D. De Facto Dependence of De Jure Independent Legal Entities: Penetration
Behind the Corporate Curtain in the Law of Leading Foreign Countries] (in Russian).
Moscow: Wolters Kluwer, 2008.
Флейшиц Е.А. Буржуазное гражданское право на службе монополистическо-
го капитализма [Fleishits E.A. Bourgeois Civil Law in the Service of Monopoly Capitalism]
(in Russian). Moscow: Juridical Publishing House of the Ministry of Justice
of the USSR, 1948.
Хвостов В.М. Система римского права. Учебник [Khvostov V.M. The System of
Roman Law. Textbook] (in Russian). Moscow: Spark, 1996.
Bainbridge S.M. Corporate Law. 2nd ed. New York: Foundation Press/Thomson
West, 2009.
Bevans N.R. Business Organizations and Corporate Law. Clifton Park, NY: Thompson
Delmar Learning, 2007.
Cahn A., Donald D. Comparative Company Law: Text and Cases on the Laws
Governing Corporations in Germany, the UK and the USA. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press, 2010.
Eells R. The Meaning of Modern Business: An Introduction to the Philosophy of
Large Corporate Enterprise. New York: Columbia University Press, 1960.
Farrar’s Company Law. 4th ed. London: Butterworths, 1998.
French D., Mayson S., Ryan C. Mayson, French & Ryan on Company Law. 15th ed.
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Gower L.C.B. The Principles of Modern Company Law. London: Stevens and Sons,
Ltd., 1954.
Hamilton R.W. The Law of Corporations in a Nutshell. 5th ed. St. Paul, Minn.:
West Group, 2000.
Henn H.G. Handbook of the Law of Corporations and Other Business Enterprises.
St. Paul, Minn.: West Publishing Co., 1961.
Mann R.A., Roberts B.S. Smith & Roberson’s Business Law. 15th ed. Mason, OH:
South-Western Cengage Learning, 2012.
Palmer’s Company Law: Annotated Guide to the Companies Act 2006 / Ed. by
G. Morse. 2nd ed. London: Sweet & Maxwell, 2009.
Powell F.J. Parent and Subsidiary Corporations. Chicago: Callaghan, 1931.
Ramsay I.M., Noakes D.B. Piercing the Corporate Veil in Australia // Company
and Securities Law Journal. 2001. Vol. 19. Iss. 1.
Ribstein L.E. Deregulation of Limited Liability and the Death of Partnership //
Washington Law Quarterly. 1992. Vol. 70. Iss. 2.

Information about the author

Lomakin D.V. (Moscow, Russia) – Doctor of Law, Professor, Department of Civil
Law, Faculty of Law, Lomonosov Moscow State University (1 Leninskie Gory, Bldg. 13
(4th education building), GSP-1, Moscow, 119991, Russia; www.lomakindv.ru;
e-mail: Lawyer@lomakindv.ru, dmitry.v.lomakin@gmail.com).

Наши партнеры

Our partners

unnamed.png
логотип РС серый фон.png
Юстина.png
logo3.png

Андрей Степанченко

Доцент Уральского Государственного Юридического Университета

Irsot_BVL.GIF
STT_Logo_RGB_Page-1.png
logo.png
mlogos_png.png

Copyright © 2006-2020 

Вестник гражданского права. Все права защищены. 
«ИД В. Ема»: 119454, Москва, ул. Лобачевского, 92, корп. 2