СРАВНИТЕЛЬНО-ПРАВОВОЙ АНАЛИЗ
ПОДХОДОВ К РЕГУЛИРОВАНИЮ СОВМЕСТНОГО
ОБЛАДАНИЯ АВТОРСКИМИ ПРАВАМИ

А.Е. ТУРКИНА,
магистр частного права (РШЧП), консультант Исследовательского центра частного права им. С.С. Алексеева

 

https://doi.org/10.24031/1992-2043-2021-21-1-75-103

На сегодняшний день в разных странах мира не существует унифицированного подхода к определению совместного произведения и правомочий соавторов. Любой из описанных механизмов имеет как свои достоинства, так и недостатки. В тех странах, где соавторство порождает значительные правомочия
в отношении совместного произведения или, наоборот, существенные ограничения, критерии для определения совместного произведения привлекают наибольшее внимание. Поскольку каждое произведение уникально, как и каждый внесенный соавтором вклад, только судебная практика может с достаточной степенью детализации определить содержание предложенных в законе критериев.


Ключевые слова: авторское право; произведение; сообладание; соавторы; соправообладатели; общий замысел.

References

Богданова О.В. Защита интеллектуальных авторских прав гражданско-право-
выми способами: монография [Bogdanova O.V. Protection of Intellectual Property
Rights by Civil Law Means: Monograph] (in Russian). Мoscow: Iustitsinform,
2017.
Гаврилов Э.П. Соавторство на произведения науки, литературы и искусства
[Gavrilov E.P. Co-authorship on Works of Science, Literature and Art] (in Russian) //
Soviet State and Law. 1982. No. 10.
Гаврилов Э.П. Советское авторское право: Основные положения. Тенденции
развития [Gavrilov E.P. Soviet Copyright Law: Main Provisions. Development Trends]
(in Russian). Мoscow: Nauka, 1984.
Гаврилов Э.П., Еременко В.И. Комментарий к части четвертой Гражданского
кодекса Российской Федерации (постатейный) [Gavrilov E.P., Eremenko V.I. Commentary
to Part Four of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation (Article-by-Article)]
(in Russian). Мoscow: Ekzamen, 2009.
Грингольц И.А. Права автора сценического произведения в СССР: дис. ... канд.
юрид. наук [Gringolts I.A. The Rights of the Author of a Scenic Work in the USSR:
Thesis for a Candidate Degree in Law Sciences] (in Russian). Мoscow, 1953.
Комментарий к ГК РСФСР / под ред. Е.А. Флейшиц, О.С. Иоффе [Commentary
to the Civil Code of the RSFSR / Ed. by E.A. Fleishits, O.S. I offe] (in Russian).
2nd ed. Мoscow: Iuridicheskaia literatura, 1970.
Комментарий к Гражданскому кодексу Российской Федерации части четвер-
той (постатейный) / отв. ред. Л.А. Трахтенгерц [Commentary to the Civil Code of
the Russian Federation Part Four (Article-by-Article) / Ed. by L.A. Trakhtengerts]
(in Russian). Мoscow: Infra-M; Kontrakt, 2009.
Комментарий к части четвертой Гражданского кодекса Российской Федера-
ции (поглавный) / под ред. А.Л. Маковского [Commentary to Part Four of the Civil
Code of the Russian Federation (chapter-by-chapter) / Ed. by A.L. Makovsky] (in
Russian). Мoscow: Statut, 2008.
Толстой Ю.К. Основы советского гражданского законодательства [Tolstoy Yu.K.
Fundamentals of Soviet Civil Legislation] (in Russian). Kazan: Kazan University
Publishing House, 1962.
Accounting between Co-Owners of a Copyright // Columbia Law Review. 1948.
Vol. 48.
Davidson V.G. Problems in Co-Ownership of Copyrights // UCLA Law Review.
1961. Vol. 8.
Gabriel G. International Distributions: Divergence of Co-Ownership Laws //
Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment and Technology Law. 2007. Vol. 9.
Gorman R.A. Copyright Law. 2nd ed. Washington, 2006.
Kupferman Th.R. Copyright – Co-Owners // Current Legal Thought. 1945. Vol. 12.
Matulionytė R. Law Applicable to Copyright: A Comparison of the ALI and CLIP
Proposals. Cheltenham; Northampton, 2011.
Mendis S. A Copyright Gambit: On the Need for Exclusive Rights in Digitised
Versions of Public Domain Textual Materials in Europe (= Munich Studies on Innovation
and Competition. Vol. 11). Berlin, 2019.
Pepe Chr.A. Davis v. Blige: Turning Copyright Co-Ownership on Its Head //
Landslide. 2009. Vol. 1.
Rosengart L.S. Principles of Co-Authorship in American, Comparative, and International
Copyright Law // Southern California Law Review. 1952. Vol. 25.
Simone D. Copyright and Collective Authorship: Locating the Authors of Collaborative
Work. New York, 2019.
Spyke N.P. The Joint Work Dilemma: The Separately Copyrightable Contribution
Requirement and Co-Ownership Principles // University of Miami Entertainment
& Sports Law Review. 1993. Vol. 11.
Vaver D. Intellectual Property: Copyright, Patents and Trade-Marks. 2nd ed.
Toronto, 2011.
Yarbrough J.D., Jr. What’s Mine Might Be Yours: Why We Should Rethink the
Default Rule for Copyright Co-Ownership in Joint Works // Tulane Law Review.
2001. Vol. 76.
Zemer L. Is Intention to Co-Author an “Uncertain Realm Policy”? // Columbia
Journal of Law & the Arts. 2007. Vol. 30.


Information about the author

Turkina A.E. (Moscow, Russia) – Master of Private Law (Russian School of Private Law), Consultant at the Alexeev Private Law Research Centre under the President of the Russian Federation (8, Bldg. 2 Ilyinka St., Moscow, 103132, Russia; e-mail: sanasea@yandex.ru).

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF APPROACHES TO THE
REGULATION OF JOINT OWNERSHIP OF COPYRIGHTS

A.E. TURKINA,
Master of Private Law (Russian School of Private Law), Consultant at the Alexeev Private Law Research Centre under the President of the Russian Federation

https://doi.org/10.24031/1992-2043-2021-21-1-75-103

To date, there is no unified approach to defining a joint work and the rights of coauthors in different countries of the world. Any of the described mechanisms has its advantages and disadvantages. In those countries where co-authorship creates significant rights over a joint work or, conversely, significant restrictions, the criteria for determining a joint work attract the most attention. Since each work is unique, as well as each contribution made by the co-author, only judicial practice can determine the content of the criteria proposed in the law in sufficient details.


Keyword: copyright; work; joint ownership; co-authors; copyright holders; common design.

References

Богданова О.В. Защита интеллектуальных авторских прав гражданско-право-
выми способами: монография [Bogdanova O.V. Protection of Intellectual Property
Rights by Civil Law Means: Monograph] (in Russian). Мoscow: Iustitsinform,
2017.
Гаврилов Э.П. Соавторство на произведения науки, литературы и искусства
[Gavrilov E.P. Co-authorship on Works of Science, Literature and Art] (in Russian) //
Soviet State and Law. 1982. No. 10.
Гаврилов Э.П. Советское авторское право: Основные положения. Тенденции
развития [Gavrilov E.P. Soviet Copyright Law: Main Provisions. Development Trends]
(in Russian). Мoscow: Nauka, 1984.
Гаврилов Э.П., Еременко В.И. Комментарий к части четвертой Гражданского
кодекса Российской Федерации (постатейный) [Gavrilov E.P., Eremenko V.I. Commentary
to Part Four of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation (Article-by-Article)]
(in Russian). Мoscow: Ekzamen, 2009.
Грингольц И.А. Права автора сценического произведения в СССР: дис. ... канд.
юрид. наук [Gringolts I.A. The Rights of the Author of a Scenic Work in the USSR:
Thesis for a Candidate Degree in Law Sciences] (in Russian). Мoscow, 1953.
Комментарий к ГК РСФСР / под ред. Е.А. Флейшиц, О.С. Иоффе [Commentary
to the Civil Code of the RSFSR / Ed. by E.A. Fleishits, O.S. I offe] (in Russian).
2nd ed. Мoscow: Iuridicheskaia literatura, 1970.
Комментарий к Гражданскому кодексу Российской Федерации части четвер-
той (постатейный) / отв. ред. Л.А. Трахтенгерц [Commentary to the Civil Code of
the Russian Federation Part Four (Article-by-Article) / Ed. by L.A. Trakhtengerts]
(in Russian). Мoscow: Infra-M; Kontrakt, 2009.
Комментарий к части четвертой Гражданского кодекса Российской Федера-
ции (поглавный) / под ред. А.Л. Маковского [Commentary to Part Four of the Civil
Code of the Russian Federation (chapter-by-chapter) / Ed. by A.L. Makovsky] (in
Russian). Мoscow: Statut, 2008.
Толстой Ю.К. Основы советского гражданского законодательства [Tolstoy Yu.K.
Fundamentals of Soviet Civil Legislation] (in Russian). Kazan: Kazan University
Publishing House, 1962.
Accounting between Co-Owners of a Copyright // Columbia Law Review. 1948.
Vol. 48.
Davidson V.G. Problems in Co-Ownership of Copyrights // UCLA Law Review.
1961. Vol. 8.
Gabriel G. International Distributions: Divergence of Co-Ownership Laws //
Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment and Technology Law. 2007. Vol. 9.
Gorman R.A. Copyright Law. 2nd ed. Washington, 2006.
Kupferman Th.R. Copyright – Co-Owners // Current Legal Thought. 1945. Vol. 12.
Matulionytė R. Law Applicable to Copyright: A Comparison of the ALI and CLIP
Proposals. Cheltenham; Northampton, 2011.
Mendis S. A Copyright Gambit: On the Need for Exclusive Rights in Digitised
Versions of Public Domain Textual Materials in Europe (= Munich Studies on Innovation
and Competition. Vol. 11). Berlin, 2019.
Pepe Chr.A. Davis v. Blige: Turning Copyright Co-Ownership on Its Head //
Landslide. 2009. Vol. 1.
Rosengart L.S. Principles of Co-Authorship in American, Comparative, and International
Copyright Law // Southern California Law Review. 1952. Vol. 25.
Simone D. Copyright and Collective Authorship: Locating the Authors of Collaborative
Work. New York, 2019.
Spyke N.P. The Joint Work Dilemma: The Separately Copyrightable Contribution
Requirement and Co-Ownership Principles // University of Miami Entertainment
& Sports Law Review. 1993. Vol. 11.
Vaver D. Intellectual Property: Copyright, Patents and Trade-Marks. 2nd ed.
Toronto, 2011.
Yarbrough J.D., Jr. What’s Mine Might Be Yours: Why We Should Rethink the
Default Rule for Copyright Co-Ownership in Joint Works // Tulane Law Review.
2001. Vol. 76.
Zemer L. Is Intention to Co-Author an “Uncertain Realm Policy”? // Columbia
Journal of Law & the Arts. 2007. Vol. 30.


Information about the author

Turkina A.E. (Moscow, Russia) – Master of Private Law (Russian School of Private Law), Consultant at the Alexeev Private Law Research Centre under the President of the Russian Federation (8, Bldg. 2 Ilyinka St., Moscow, 103132, Russia; e-mail: sanasea@yandex.ru).